RECONSTRUCTING Q

Contents of Q

I believe that Q was known not only to Matthew and Luke but also to Clement of Rome, Ignatius, the Didachist, Justin Martyr, and 2 Clement. I also believe that Q is what Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Eusebius, Epiphanius, and Jerome referred to as the Gospel according to the Hebrews. The following table lists passages that I think were taken from Q. It also appears that Q was designed around a large concentric outline, as shown in the enumeration of the passages. Many have argued before that the parables in Luke's travel narrative are arranged concentrically, but this outline extends beyond the travel narrative (if only non-Markan passages are considered) and includes more than the parables. For example, Luke 13:10-25 and Luke 14:1-35 not only have parallel parables but also have Jesus healing on the Sabbath (a theme not found anywhere else in Luke's non-Markan material).

PericopeLukeMatthewOther
A. John Baptizes Jesus3:1-3, 7-14, 16-17, 21-383:1-2, 4-17Epiphanius, Pan. 30.13.6 (=30.14.3), 4, 2-3, 7-8; 28.5.1 (cf. 30.14.2-3); Jerome, Pelag. 3.2; Jerome, Comm. Isa. 11.1-3
B. Jesus' Temptation: "If you are the Son of God ..."4:1-154:1-12, 17Justin, Dial. 103; Origen, Comm. Jo. 2.12.87
C. Jesus Rejected at Nazareth4:16-31a4:13
D. Call of Peter5:1-8, 10b
E. Sermon on the Mount6:17, 20-494:23, 25; 5:1-4, 6, 11-12, 39-42, 44-48; 7:1-5, 12, [15?], 16-18, 21, 24-27; 10:24-25; 12:33-35; 15:14Did. 1.2-5; 11.8; 1 Clem. 13.2; 2 Clem. 13.4; Epiphanius, Pan. 28.5.1
F. Healings7:1-177:28a; 8:5-10, 13
G. John's Question: Is Jesus the Coming One?7:18-20, 22-3511:2-11, 16-19; 21:32
H. In the Home of a Pharisee: A Sinful Woman Forgiven7:36-50
I. Potential Followers and Disciples on Mission8:1; 9:52-62; 10:1-248:19-22; 9:37-38; 10:9-16, 40; 11:21-27; 13:16-17; 27:55Did. 13.1; Ign., Pol. 2.2
J. A Lawyer Asks about Eternal Life: Parable of the Good Samaritan10:25-37 [? and 38-42 ?]22:35-40
K. Prayer11:1b-136:9-13; 7:7-11Did. 8.2; Jerome, Comm. Matt. 6.11; Jerome, Tract. Ps. 135
L. Jesus vs. the Pharisees on the Kingdom of God11:14-20, 23-365:15; 6:22-23; 9:32; 12:25-30, 39-45
M. Woes to Pharisees and Lawyers - Disciples Beware!11:37-52; 12:1b-1210:19, 26-33; 12:32; 23:1-2, 4-7, 13, 23, 25-32, 34-36Jerome, Comm. Matt. 23.35; 2 Clem. 5.2-4; Did. 11.7
N. Wealth and Worries: Bigger Barns12:13-20, 22-346:19-21, 25-33
O. A Prudent Manager12:35-595:25-26; 10:34-36; 16:2-3; 24:42-51; 25:1-10, 13; [13:24-30, 47-48?]Did. 16.1; Justin, 1 Apol. 19; Eusebius, Theoph. 4.12
P. Repent or Perish (3 stories)13:1-9
Q. Jesus Heals a Woman on the Sabbath: On Entering the Kingdom13:10-16, 18-21; 8:9-10; 13:23-357:13-14, 22-23; 8:11-12; 13:11-12, 31-33; 20:16; 23:37-39; 25:10-122 Clem. 4.5
Q'. Jesus Heals a Man on the Sabbath: On the Messianic Banquet14:1-355:13; 10:37-38; 12:11-12; 18:14; 22:1-5, 7-9; [13:44-46?]Jerome, Comm. Matt. 12.13
P'. Rejoicing over the Lost (3 stories)15:1-3218:12-14; 21:28-31
O'. A Prudent Manager16:1-136:242 Clem. 8.5; 6.1
N'. Lovers of Money: The Rich Man and Lazarus16:14-315:18 [?and 19?], 22, 32; 11:12-13; 19:10-12b. Shabb. 116a-b; Jerome, Comm. Ezek. 18.7
M'. Woe to the One Who Causes Sin - Disciples Beware!17:1-1017:20; 18:6-7, 15, 21-22Did. 15.3; 1 Clem. 46.8; Jerome, Pelag. 3.2; Ign., Eph. 5.2; Jerome, Comm. Eph. 5.4
L'. Jesus vs. the Pharisees on the Kingdom of God17:11-3719:1; 24:23, 26-28, 37-41
K'. Prayer18:1-8
J'. A Ruler Asks about Eternal Life: Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector18:9-14; cf. 18:18-2519:16-24Origen, Comm. Matt. 15.14
I'. [unknown]
H'. In the Home of a Tax Collector: Zacchaeus Forgiven19:1-10, 12-13a, 15-2625:14-29Eusebius, Theoph. 4.22
G'. Triumphal Entry: Blessed in the Name of the Lord Is the Coming One!19:28, 37-44; 21:20-24; 34-36[?21:10-11?]; [?21:14-16a?]; 24:15-18, 21Jerome, Epist. 19-20
F'. Temple Healings and a Sinful Woman Aquitted21:37-3824:15-18John 8:1-11; Eusebius, H.E. 3.39.17; Didymus the Blind, Comm. Eccl. 4.223.6-13
E'. The Last Supper22:9, 15-19a, 21, 24-3826:25, 29; 19:28Epiphanius, Pan. 30.22.4; Jerome, Vir. Ill. 2
D'. Jesus' Arrest and Peter's Denials22:39, 47-49, 51, 54-6226:50-56, 58
C'. Jesus Rejected by Sanhedrin22:63-64, 66-70; [anything from 23:1-16??]26:68, 63-64Jerome, Comm. Matt. 27.16
B'. Crucifixion: "If you are the Son of God ..."23:27-33, [34a?], 35, 38-43, 45-46, 4827:40b, 43, 37Jerome, Comm. Matt. 27.51; Jerome, Epist. 120.8.2; [?Ign., Magn. 9.2?]
A'. Jesus Commissions His Disciples24:36-5228:16-20Jerome, Vir. ill. 2; Ign. Smyrn. 3.2; Jerome, Comm. Isa. Praefatio 18; Acts 1:8-11
Verses Whose Location Is Unknown 5:28? 5:34-37? 7:6? 11:28-30? 19:12? 22:2, 11-14? 24:10-12? 25:31-46?Clem. Alex., Strom. 2.9.45 (cf. Strom. 5.14.96); Epiphanius, Pan. 30.16.4-5