RECONSTRUCTING Q

Luke's Use of Mark

The following table shows which Markan pericopes Luke expands and which ones he condenses. Passages that contain double tradition material are marked with an asterisk. The last two columns shows how many words Luke took to write what Mark wrote and how many words Luke used to writing something Mark did not write. I have highlighted cells with at least 18 words not taken from Mark. All of the examples with less words than this coming from elsewhere do not give evidence of another source except possibly the pericope on fasting. This leaves 18 (or 19) passages in which Luke may be drawing on another source (not counting Jesus' baptism and the parable of the Mustard Seed, where Luke has agreements with Matthew against Mark, suggesting that Q is a source, even though it is not new information but different information from Mark.

PericopeReferencesWord CountsWords based on:
MarkLuke DifferenceMarkOther
4Jesus Goes to GalileeMatthew 4:12-17||Mark 1:14-15||Luke 4:14-3135309*783%31278
77Jesus Before PilateMatthew 27:1-26||Mark 15:1-15||Luke 23:1-2519637390%109264
1John the Baptist Prepares the WayMatthew 3:1-12||Mark 1:1-8||Luke 3:1-20123380*209%124256
79Crucifixion of JesusMatthew 27:32-54||Mark 15:21-39||Luke 23:26-4825935939%151208
5Jesus Calls His First DisciplesMatthew 4:18-22||Mark 1:16-20||Luke 5:1-1182207152%0207
3The Temptation of JesusMatthew 4:1-11||Mark 1:12-13||Luke 4:1-1330203*577%35168
55Entry into JerusalemMatthew 21:1-11||Mark 11:1-11||Luke 19:28-4418526644%16799
65Apocalyptic DiscourseMatthew 24:1-51||Mark 13:1-37||Luke 21:5-36606497-18%40889
18A Kingdom DividedMatthew 12:22-37||Mark 3:20-30||Luke 11:14-22126153*21%7083
81Resurrection of JesusMatthew 28:1-10||Mark 16:1-8||Luke 24:1-1213617629%9482
45TransfigurationMatthew 17:1-13||Mark 9:2-13||Luke 9:28-36209178-15%13444
70Last SupperMatthew 26:20-30||Mark 14:17-26||Luke 22:14-231601685%12543
75Jesus Before the SanhedrinMatthew 26:59-68||Mark 14:55-65||Luke 22:63-71179121-32%8239
73Jesus' ArrestMatthew 26:47-56||Mark 14:43-52||Luke 22:47-53140124-11%8638
71Jesus Predicts Peter's DenialMatthew 26:31-35||Mark 14:27-31||Luke 22:31-347962-22%3131
72GethsemaneMatthew 26:36-46||Mark 14:32-42||Luke 22:40-4618197-46%7126
58Parable of the TenantsMatthew 21:33-46||Mark 12:1-12||Luke 20:9-191821999%17425
48Who Is the Greatest?Matthew 18:1-20||Mark 9:33-50||Luke 9:46-5030798-68%7919
61Greatest CommandmentMatthew 22:34-40||Mark 12:28-34||Luke 10:25-2815373-52%5518
47Second Passion PredictionMatthew 17:22-23||Mark 9:30-32||Luke 9:43b-45475415%3816
29Jairus' Daughter and the Hemorrhaging WomanMatthew 9:18-26||Mark 5:21-43||Luke 8:40-56373287-23%27314
46Demonized BoyMatthew 17:14-20||Mark 9:14-29||Luke 9:37-43a270124-54%11014
32John the Baptist BeheadedMatthew 14:1-12||Mark 6:14-29||Luke 9:7-930252-83%3814
13FastingMatthew 9:14-17||Mark 2:18-22||Luke 5:33-3912914210%13012
54Blind BartimaeusMatthew 20:29-34||Mark 10:46-52||Luke 18:35-43123108-12%9612
76Peter's DenialMatthew 26:69-75||Mark 14:66-72||Luke 22:56-62128112-13%10012
59Rendering to CaesarMatthew 22:15-22||Mark 12:13-17||Luke 20:20-26106104-2%959
56Cursing the Fig Tree and Clearing the TempleMatthew 21:12-22||Mark 11:12-26||Luke 19:45-4825361-76%529
80Burial of JesusMatthew 27:55-61||Mark 15:40-47||Luke 23:49-56144118-18%1117
60Marriage at the ResurrectionMatthew 22:23-33||Mark 12:18-27||Luke 20:27-38171170-1%1664
15Healing on the SabbathMatthew 12:9-14||Mark 3:1-6||Luke 6:6-119511521%1123
68Judas Agrees to Betray JesusMatthew 26:14-16||Mark 14:10-11||Luke 22:3-6304447%440
8Healings at CapernaumMatthew 8:16-17||Mark 1:32-34||Luke 4:40-41465213%520
63Warning against the ScribesMatthew 23:1-7||Mark 12:38-40||Luke 20:45-4744489%480
11Jesus Heals a ParalyticMatthew 9:1-8||Mark 2:1-12||Luke 5:17-261962139%2130
10Jesus Heals a LeperMatthew 8:2-4||Mark 1:40-45||Luke 5:12-169998-1%980
69Preparations for the Last SupperMatthew 26:17-19||Mark 14:12-16||Luke 22:7-139996-3%960
6Jesus Drives Out an Impure SpiritMark 1:21-28||Luke 4:31-37124119-4%1190
57Jesus' AuthorityMatthew 21:23-32||Mark 11:27-33||Luke 20:1-8125118-6%1180
28Gerasene DemoniacMatthew 8:28-34||Mark 5:1-20||Luke 8:26-39325293-10%2930
50Little ChildrenMatthew 19:13-15||Mark 10:13-16||Luke 18:15-176457-11%570
42Peter's ConfessionMatthew 16:13-20||Mark 8:27-30||Luke 9:18-217566-12%660
31Jesus Sends the TwelveMatthew 10:1-14||Mark 6:6b-13||Luke 9:1-610693-12%930
7Jesus and Simon's Mother-in-LawMatthew 8:14-15||Mark 1:29-31||Luke 4:38-394438-14%380
12Call of LeviMatthew 9:9-13||Mark 2:13-17||Luke 5:27-3210994-14%940
9Jesus Prays Early in the MorningMark 1:35-39||Luke 4:42-446354-14%540
14Lord of the SabbathMatthew 12:1-8||Mark 2:23-28||Luke 6:1-510892-15%920
23Lamp on a StandMark 4:21-25||Luke 8:16-187461-18%610
2Jesus' BaptismMatthew 3:13-17||Mark 1:9-11||Luke 3:21-225343*-19%430
17Jesus Appoints the TwelveMatthew 10:1-4||Mark 3:13-19||Luke 6:12-169476-19%760
44On DiscipleshipMatthew 16:24-28||Mark 8:34-9:1||Luke 9:23-27132106-20%1060
27Jesus Calms the StormMatthew 8:18-27||Mark 4:35-41||Luke 8:22-2511894-20%940
64Widow's OfferingMark 12:41-44||Luke 21:1-47558-23%580
62David's Son or David's LordMatthew 22:41-46||Mark 12:35-37||Luke 20:41-446347-25%470
22Parable of the Sower ExplainedMatthew 13:18-23||Mark 4:13-20||Luke 8:11-15145109-25%1090
51The Rich Man Who Lacks One ThingMatthew 19:16-30||Mark 10:17-31||Luke 18:18-30281202-28%2020
66Chief Priests Plot Against JesusMatthew 26:1-5||Mark 14:1-2||Luke 22:1-23424-29%240
25Parable of the Mustard SeedMatthew 13:31-33||Mark 4:30-32||Luke 13:18-205740*-30%400
74Peter Follows at a DistanceMatthew 26:57-58||Mark 14:53-54||Luke 22:54-554330-30%300
21The Purpose of ParablesMatthew 13:10-17||Mark 4:10-12||Luke 8:9-105236-31%360
33Feeding of the 5,000Matthew 14:13-21||Mark 6:30-44||Luke 9:10-17237164-31%1640
19Jesus' Mother and BrothersMatthew 12:46-50||Mark 3:31-35||Luke 8:19-218554-36%540
16Crowds Follow JesusMatthew 12:15-21||Mark 3:7-12||Luke 6:17-1910362-40%620
20Parable of the SowerMatthew 13:1-9||Mark 4:1-9||Luke 8:4-815190-40%900
52Third Passion PredictionMatthew 20:17-19||Mark 10:32-34||Luke 18:31-347343-41%430
43First Passion PredictionMatthew 16:21-23||Mark 8:31-33||Luke 9:226925-64%250
53Request of James and JohnMatthew 20:20-28||Mark 10:35-45||Luke 22:24-2719067-65%670